Sports injuries are caused by accident or sudden impact, improper equipment, lack of conditioning, or poor stretching and warm up. Sports injuries can be acute or chronic. Acute injuries occur suddenly whereas chronic injuries happen overtime.
Although most sports injuries are superficial and cause low-grade sprains or strains, almost 50% of the sports injuries result in a bone fracture or other serious injuries.
Types of Injuries In Sports
Sports injuries although common needs through evaluation from a trained sports medicine specialist. If you are facing any of the symptoms mentioned below, it’s time to see a medical professional.
- Difficulty walking, lifting arm or injured area
- Limited mobility of the joint or injured area
- Bleeding or skin injury
- Sprain, strain or stress that causes pain
- Numbness, tingling in the area of injury
- Any signs of infection post injury such as fever, nausea and chills
A Sports Medicine Specialist can help diagnose the severity of your condition. Provide the details of the injury, and your doctor may do a physical examination to check the injured area and assess the degree of pain. He may ask you to move the injured area to understand the range of motion present.
To understand your injury better, your doctor may ask you to get an X-ray to rule out any broken bones. However, in certain cases, if the injury is not clearly visible on an X-ray, your orthopedic surgeon may ask you to get an MRI or CT scan done.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) helps the doctor to understand any injury that’s caused to the bones, tendons, muscles, nerves and ligaments.
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Treatment usually depends on the location and severity of injury. The initial treatment for any sports injury is aimed at controlling inflammation and to improve healing response.
Depending on the injury, treatment for sports injuries include:
- Medication for pain
- Immobilization of the injured area with a splint, cast or brace
- Pain-relieving injections such as cortisone
Sports Injuries Treated By Dr. Pradyumna R – Sports Medicine Specialist
- Sprains and Strains
- Swollen Muscles
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
- Rotator Cuff Injury
- Ligament Tears
- Torn ACL/PCL/MCL/LCL
- Torn ACL/MCL
- Shin Splints
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Tennis Elbow
- Runner’s Knee
Frequently Asked Questions
How much time does it take to heal from a sports injury?
Depending on the location of the injury and the extent of the damage, healing from a sports injury takes time. While sprains and strains take lesser time to heal, bone fractures, rupture of tendons take longer. On an average, it takes 5-7 days for a sprain to heal, while it may take 4-6 weeks to heal from a fracture. More serious injuries like ACL tears may take upto 12 months to recover fully after a surgery.
How can I treat a muscle sprain or strain at home?
At the first sign of injury, pain or swelling it is advised to follow the RICe therapy: Rest, Ice packs, Compression, Elevation. However, it’s always best to visit an orthopedist who specialises in sports medicine to rule out any serious tear or injury.