Ligament Reconstruction

Ligaments are bands of tough, elastic connective tissue that surround a joint to give support and limit its movement. If the ligaments are damaged or injured, the knee joint may become unstable. Most ligament damages happen through sports injury, or accidental falls. A ligament that is torn severely limits knee movement resulting in inability to turn or twist the leg. Surgery remains as the only viable option to repair a torn ligament when non-surgical interventions fail to show desired results.

Four major ligaments

The knee comprises of four major ligaments that connect the thigh bone (femur) to shin bone (tibia).

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL): Located in the center of the knee and controls the rotation and forward movement of the shin bone
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL): Located in the center of the knee and controls backward movement of the shin bone
  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL): Gives stability to the inner part of the knee
  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL): Gives stability to the outer part of the knee

Diagnosis

Ligament tears usually require investigations like X-ray and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to understand the extent of injury.

Treatment

If the ligament injury is low to moderate, then your surgeon may advise the following:

  • Pain killers
  • Prolonged rest
  • Compression through elastic brace wrapping Ice pack application to reduce swelling

If the ligament injury is severe, your surgeon may advice:

  • Reconstruction surgery
  • Exercise and rehabilitation
  • Knee brace with crepe bands while exercising

People who generally want to return to sports or physical activities can resume after 4-6months of surgery. However, the recovery time varies from one individual to the other.

Other Knee injuries treated by Dr. Pradyumna R

  • Posterolateral Corner (PLC) Injury
  • Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI)
  • Osteochondral Autograft/Allograft Transplantation (OATS)
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury

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