Knee Pain & Injuries

Knee pain is one of the most common complaints that affects people of all ages. Knee pain or knee injuries could be a result of sprains, tears of soft tissues, a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Fractures around the knee is also categorized as knee injury. The most common signs of knee injury are associated with pain & swelling. medical conditions like arthritis, gout, infections can also cause knee pain.

Minor knee pain usually responds to self-care measures & medications. Sometimes physical therapy & wearing knee braces also provides relief from knee pain. However, certain knee injuries may require a surgical intervention.

Types of Knee Injuries

Knee injury can affect ligaments, tendons, bursae (fluid-filled sacs) that surround knee joints, bones, cartilages, ligaments from the joint itself. Some of the common types of knee injuries include:


The severity and the location of the knee pain may vary from one individual to another and it also depends on the cause of the problem. Some of the common symptoms of knee pain include:

  • Swelling and/or stiffness
  • Weakness
  • Instability
  • Redness and warmth when the area is touched
  • Inability to straighten knee fully
  • Popping or cracking sound when climbing stairs or standing up or walking after prolonged sitting.
  • Pain during activities like jumping, running, squatting, lifting weights

Treatments Available


Arthroscopy is a less-invasive, key-hole surgery that allows orthopedic surgeons to see inside the joint. Arthroscopic procedures to treat knee issues is one of the most common orthopedic procedures. It's one of the safest and most effective ways of diagnosing and treating problems that arise from joints.

Arthroscopic procedures of the knee typically require small incision and the surgery is performed with the help of a guided instrument or commonly known as arthroscope that allows the surgeon to get a detailed view of the joint.

Know more about arthroscopic procedures

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries

One of the main ligaments that connects two bones i.e. tibia and femur of the knee is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. This ligament helps in the rotational movement of the knee. Any tear or rupture to this ligament causes knee instability.

Most common occurrences that cause ACL injury is during sports like football, skiing, rugby, basketball. An improper landing from a jump, a sudden jolt while running could cause injury to this ligament. Often, a sudden snap is observed when there is an injury to the ACL. Furthermore this injury leads to inflammation and severe pain.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injuries

The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the ligament that supports thigh bone and shin bone and keeps the knee stable. It is one of the strongest ligaments in the knee that stretches across the back of the knee. PCL injuries are less common and cause as compared to the ACL injuries.

PCL injuries especially isolated ones are less common than ACL injuries and are usually associated with other ligament injuries

Ligament Reconstruction

Ligaments are bands of tough, elastic connective tissue that surround a joint to give support and limit its movement. If the ligaments are damaged or injured, the knee joint may become unstable. Most ligament damages happen through sports injury, or accidental falls. A ligament that is torn severely limits  knee movement resulting in inability to turn or twist the leg. Surgery remains as the only viable option to repair a torn ligament when non-surgical interventions fail to show desired results.

Meniscus Repair

Meniscus is a piece of cartilage in your knee that acts as a cushion and also stabilizes the knee joint. It protects the bones against wear and tear. However, meniscus tears can happen when a fall or twist of the knee happens.

Meniscus tears are quite common like other knee injuries. It can be painful and debilitating. Meniscus tears is infact one of the most frequently occurring injuries of the knee. It is common with people who play sports like soccer, football and volleyball.

Other Knee injuries treated by Dr. Pradyumna R

  • Posterolateral Corner (PLC) Injury
  • Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Reconstruction
  • Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI)
  • Osteochondral Autograft/Allograft Transplantation (OATS)

Success Stories of our Patients

Here is what our patients have to say

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the most common knee injury?
    ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries are one of the most common types of knee injuries. An ACL injury can vary from being a minor tear in the ligament to a severe injury where the ligament tears completely or gets separated from the bone itself.
  • How long does a knee injury take to heal?
    The recovery period post any injury varies from one individual to another. While a simple strain or sprain will heal in one or two weeks, extensive surgeries like Arthroscopic surgery may take one to three months to heal. Major surgeries like total knee replacement may take upto nine month sto one year to heal.